Ergonomics/Work Hardening

Ergonomics is "fitting the job to the worker." No matter what work you do, ergonomics plays an important role in preventing occupational injury and illness. We provide ergonomic evaluations, assessments, and modification plans.

The evaluation involves observing you performing typical tasks, and then adjusting the workstation as needed (such as modifying a seating system, computer workstation, lifting tasks, adding biomechanical breaks, etc. ).

Examples of Service

With employee workstations, the goal is to arrange the workstation so that you achieve a neutral, comfortable working posture. During the workstation evaluation, our ergonomics staff may also note the need for different equipment. Services may include:

  • Computer workstation evaluations
  • Worksite evaluations
  • Post-injury worksite evaluation for injured or disabled employees

Proper ergonomics evaluation and workstation fitting can benefit both employers and employees by:

  • Reducing injury risks,
  • Reducing work-related injury costs,
  • Improve the quality of work performed,
  • Reducing employee time off work,
  • Addressing repetitive stress injuries before the become chronic,
  • Improving work environment safety, and
  • Improving employee morale and wellbeing.


Monitor Placement

You should consider how the placement and maintenance of the monitor can affect both the eyes and the musculoskeletal system. The following suggestions can help prevent the development of eye strain, neck pain and shoulder fatigue while using your computer workstation:

  • Make sure the surface of the viewing screen is clean.
  • Adjust brightness and contrast to optimum comfort.
  • Position the monitor directly in front of you to avoid excessive twisting of the neck.
  • Position the monitor approximately 20-26 inches (arm's length) from you.
  • Tilt top of the monitor back 10 to 20 degrees.
  • Position monitors at right angles from windows to reduce glare.
  • Position monitors away from direct lighting which creates excessive glare or use a glare filter over the monitor to reduce glare.
  • The top of the viewing screen should be at eye level when the user is sitting in an upright position. Note: Bifocal wearers may need to lower monitor a couple of inches.

Adjusting Your Chair

Contrary to popular belief, sitting, which most people believe is relaxing, is hard on the back. Sitting for long periods of time can cause increased pressure on the intervertebral discs, the springy, shock-absorbing part of the spine. Sitting is hard on the feet and lungs. Gravity tends to pool blood in the legs and feet and create a sluggish return to the heart. The following recommendations can help increase comfort when using a computer:

Desktop Placement

If you are like many computer users, your computer, keyboard, and mouse are resting on your desk or a portable computer workstation.

  • There is no specific height recommended for your desktop; however, the working height of your desk should be approximately elbow height for light duty desk work.
  • To allow for proper alignment of your arms your keyboard should be approximately 1 inch to 2 inches above your thighs.
  • Most times this requires a desk which is 25 inches to 29 inches in height (depending upon size of individual) or the use of an articulating keyboard tray.
  • The area underneath the desk should always be clean to accommodate the user's legs and allow for stretching.
  • The desktop should be organized so frequently used objects are close to the user to avoid excessive extended reaching.
  • If a document holder is used, it should be placed at approximately the same height as the monitor and at the same distance from the eyes to prevent frequent eye shifts between the screen and reference materials.

Keyboard and Mouse Placement

Many ergonomic problems associated with computer workstations occur in the forearm, wrist, and hand. Continuous work on the computer exposes soft tissues in these areas to repetition, awkward postures, and forceful exertions.

For more information about our ergonomics program please call us today!